Learn all the rules of Photography

Whether you're a beginner or more experienced with photography, here are some of our favorite tips to help you improve your photography.


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 Photography rules -USA


Use the Rule of Thirds


This rule helps you take eye-catching photos using one of the most effective composition rules.

If you want to take photos that have a "wow" factor built in, the Rule of Thirds is the compositional secret to take advantage of!

To use the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two horizontally across the image and two vertical, creating nine even squares. Some images will look best with the focal point in the center square, but placing the subject off-center at one of the intersection points of the imaginary lines will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph.

When a photograph is composed using the rule of thirds, the eyes roam the frame. An image composed using the rule of thirds is usually more pleasing to the eye.

If you want to take great photos that you can be proud of, using the composition rules, check out the Incredibly Important Composition Skills Course, easy to follow.

Avoid Camera Shake


Top 5 Digital Photography Tips


Tips: Photography rules are essential because they provide a foundation for more advanced photography tips and tricks later on. Learn the rules first, so you have more creative control when breaking them later.

Camera shake or blur is something that can affect any photographer and here are some ways to avoid it.

First, you need to learn to hold the camera correctly; use both hands, one around your body and one around the lens, and hold the camera close to your body for support.

Also, to shoot handheld, be sure to use a shutter speed appropriate for the focal length of your lens. If the shutter speed is too slow, any inadvertent camera shake will blur the entire photo.

The general rule of thumb is not to shoot at a shutter speed slower than the focal length to minimize this problem:

1 / Focal length (in mm) = Minimum shutter speed (in seconds)

So for example, if you are using a 100mm lens, the shutter speed should not be less than 1/100 of a second.

Use a tripod or monopod whenever possible.


Are you confused by any terminology? Want to easily control your camera and finally get rid of the confusion about focal length, aperture, shutter speed, and other settings?

If so, check out our most recommended course: Extremely Essential Camera Skills. It's the easiest and fastest way to learn how to take great photos while learning all the basics of your camera.

Learn to use the Exposure Triangle


To make your photos look their best, you need to master the three basics: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO.

You must also understand the relationships between these three controls. When adjusting one of them, you will usually have to consider at least one of the others to get the desired results.

Using automatic mode takes care of these controls, but you pay the price for your photos not looking the way you wanted and often disappointing.


Use a Polarizing Filter


If you can only buy one filter for your lens, make it a polarizer.

The recommended type of polarizer is circular because they allow your camera to use TTL (through the lens) metering, such as automatic exposure.

This filter helps reduce reflections from water, as well as from metal and glass; it enhances the colors of the sky and foliage and will give your photos the WOW factor. It will do all of that while protecting your lens. There is no reason why you cannot leave it on for all your photos.

We recommend Hoya polarizing filters for the best combination of performance and price.

Create a sense of depth


When photographing landscapes, it helps to create a sense of depth, in other words, make the viewer feel like they are there.

Use a wide angle lens for a panoramic view and a small aperture of f / 16 or smaller to keep the foreground and background sharp. Placing an object or person in the foreground helps give a sense of scale and emphasizes how far the distance is.

Use a tripod if possible, as a small aperture generally requires a slower shutter speed.

Use simple backgrounds


The simple approach is usually the best in digital photography, and you have to decide what should be in the shot, not including anything that is distracting.

If possible, choose a plain background, in other words, neutral colors and simple patterns. You want the eye to be directed to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of color or strange building in the background. This is especially important in a shot where the model is off-center.


Don't use Flash indoors


Flash can look harsh and unnatural especially for indoor portraits. Therefore, there are various ways you can take an image indoors without resorting to flash.

First, push the ISO up – usually ISO 800 to 1600 will make a big difference for the shutter speed you can choose. Use the widest aperture possible – this way more light will reach the sensor, and you will have a nice blurred background. Using a tripod or an I.S. (Image Stabilization) lens is also a great way to avoid blur.

If you absolutely must use flash, then use a flash with a head you can rotate, and point the light to the ceiling on an angle.

Experiment with Shutter Speed


Don't be afraid to play around with shutter speed to create some cool effects.

When taking a night shot, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set to 4 seconds. You will see the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails.

If you choose a shutter speed faster than, say, 1/250 of a second, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead, it will freeze the action.

Try shooting other compositions with moving objects or backgrounds, such as waves on a beach, crowds of people walking, cars on the go, with different shutter speeds to capture motion blur or snapshots that abruptly freeze everything in time.

Whenever you use slow shutter speeds to blur motion, it is essential that the camera is stabilized to eliminate camera shake. We recommend the Amazon Basics 60-inch Portable Tripod as a great entry-level option for taking pictures with slow shutter speeds.

It's a better idea to learn how to use the aperture priority or shutter priority modes, and finally shoot in manual mode. To easily learn how to do it, we recommend the extremely essential camera skills course.

Learn as you go — don’t let it prevent you from picking up a camera.

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